RTE Act 2009 in English– Right to Education Act 2009!

The RTE Act provides a legal right to free and compulsory education for children up to the age of 6-14 years. Know complete information about RTE Kya Hai, RTE Ka Full Form and Right to Education in English or RTE Act 2009 in English.

RTE Act 2009 in English

“There should be literacy in every house, only then will the development of the country happen.” The biggest strength of any developed or developing country is the youth and children of that country. Therefore, RTE Act i.e. Right to Education Act was brought for the development of education in India. Under the RTE Act, children up to the age of 6-14 years have a legal right to free and compulsory education. But there will be very few people who will have detailed information about ‘Right to Education Act 2009’ ( RTE Act 2009 in English).

In the true sense, children are the biggest force of the country’s economy because it is the children who grow up to become youth and take the country forward through their knowledge. If he is deprived of education in his childhood or is not able to earn the right education, then you can imagine what will be the future of that country. In view of the declining literacy rate in India and in order to improve it and all children can get education, the Right to Education Act 2009 has been passed by the Government of India.

RTE Act 2009 in English

You all know that since ancient times our India has been the world guru. Zero was discovered by Aryabhata, the great mathematician of our own country. India has been the birth giver of world renowned educational institutions like Taxila and Nalanda. But foreign invaders burnt our libraries, destroyed Gurukuls. As a result our standard of education fell and continued to fall even after independence.

Today , through RTE 2009 in English post, we will provide you complete information about RTE Kya Hai (What is Right to Education Act in English), RTE Ka Full Form, when Right to Education Act came into force and Right to Education in English.

What is the RTE Act

Article 21A of the Indian Constitution is called ‘Right to Education (RTE Act)’. According to this Act, children up to the age of 6-14 years have a legal right to free and compulsory education. The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education ie RTE Adhiniyam 2009 is a provision implemented by the Government of India under the ‘Right to Culture and Education’, one of the 6 fundamental rights provided to the citizens. In simple words, Right To Education Act is Indian Kanoon, which came into effect from 1st April 2010.

RTE Full Form in English

RTE Ka Full Form – Right To Education Act / Right Of Children To Free And Compulsory Education Act. RTE Full Form in English- Also known as ” Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education Act 2009 “.

Now you know what is the meaning of RTE Act and what is RTE Act Full Form, let us now tell you when the Right to Education Act 2009 came into force in India.

RTE Act Kab Lagu Hua

The Right to Education Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on 4 August 2009 and came into effect from 1 April 2010 across India.

History of the Act

In December 2002, under the 86th Amendment Bill through Article 21(a) of Part-3, the right to free, regular and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 6 and 14 was considered a fundamental right.

Right to Education in India

The Indian Constitution is the most flexible and comprehensive constitution in the world. After the implementation of Right to Education Act , India has also joined the list of those 135 countries. Where there is a provision of compulsory and free education for the children.

Objective of RTE Act 2009

The aims and objectives of the Right to Education Act 2009 are as follows:

Under the Provisions of RTE Act 2009, free education will be provided to all children in the age group of 6-14 years. Private schools will have to provide free education to 25% of the poor children in the age group of 6-14 years and failing to do so may result in fine up to 10 times the fees collected and cancellation of recognition of the school.

  • There is a provision of fine of one lakh rupees for running the school even after cancellation of recognition and ten thousand rupees daily thereafter.
  • The special feature of the Right to Education Act 2009 is that the age of free education for children with disabilities has been increased from 14 to 18 years.
  • The responsibility of providing free education to the children will rest with the Center and the states.
  • Many schools demand per capita fee at the time of admission and the parents of the children are also required to appear for the interview. Under this act, this process of admission has also been said to be changed.
  • According to this act, a fine of Rs 25,000 will be charged for screening children and interviewing parents and Rs 50,000 for repeat.
  • According to the RTE Act, teachers cannot take tuitions.
  • Children who have not been admitted by this act, they can get admission according to their age group.
  • By this act, standards and differences have been made for the ratio between students and teachers, school buildings, working hours of teachers and school working days etc.
  • The RTE Act prevents physical and mental harassment of students.
    Child accessible and child centered education system has been started by the Right to Education Act.
  • This act is designed to promote the all round development, knowledge, abilities and talents of the child and to free the child from fear, trauma and anxiety.

Right to Education Act 2009 Role and Responsibilities of Teachers

The Right to Education Act 2009 also provides for the role of the teacher:

  • As per the provision of the RTE Act , it has been ensured that instead of the average number of teachers in each state, district or block, there is a fixed ratio between the number of students and teachers.
  • This provision ensures the posting of an equal number of teachers in both urban and rural areas.
  • This provision bans the deployment of teachers in non-academic work, as well as ensures the role of teachers in census, assembly and Lok Sabha elections, disaster management etc.
  • The RTE Act ensures the appointment of properly trained and qualified teachers.

Criticism of Right to Education

Some of the major criticisms or shortcomings of the Right to Education Act are written below:

  • Uniform education is more important than free and compulsory education. The government should have announced that every child in the country would go to the same school and the same curriculum would be taught in all schools.
  • Nothing has been mentioned in this bill about the 17 crore children up to the age of six.
  • There is no mention of budget provision for free education in the RTE Bill.
  • Admission without any document has been mentioned by this act. But in some states the already existing rules are being followed. In which documents such as BPL card (how to make BPL card) , birth certificate ( how to make birth certificate ) , caste certificate, etc. Due to these rules many orphan children are deprived of education.
  • The act violates the constitutional right of private managers to “run their institutions without any government interference”.

RTE Act 2009 Teachers Qualification

Teachers Eligibility Test (TET) examination is organized for teachers under the RTE Act, for which the minimum qualification is shown below:

Primary Stage Class 1-5

Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.Ed.
Graduation and D.El.Ed.

Elementary Stage Class 6-8

Graduation and D.El.Ed.
Graduation with minimum 50% marks and B.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and BA Ed. / B.Sc. Ed.

Right To Education Act Amendment

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act 2019 was passed in the Indian Parliament on 3 January 2019. Some of the key points of amendment in the RTE Act 2019 are shown below:

  • This new bill has been amended to end the policy of no detention in schools, according to the current provision, no student can be failed till class 8.
  • If a child fails in class 5th or 8th, then according to this new bill, that child will be given an opportunity to re-appear within two months.
  • Special education will be arranged for two months for better performance of the failed children.
  • If the child does not pass the re-examination, that child may be disqualified.

Chapter 7 under RTE Act 2009

The 7 chapters under Right to Education Act 2009 are as follows –

Chapter 1Preface
Chapter 2right to free and compulsory
Chapter 3Responsibilities of Central, State, Local Governments and Parents
Chapter 4Responsibilities of school and teachers
Chapter 5Completion of Elementary Education Curriculum
Chapter 6protection of child rights
Chapter 7other relevant things

Article 38 of the RTE Act 2009

  • abbreviation and extension
  • Definition
  • free and compulsory education
  • Special provision for children not admitted or who have not completed primary education
  • Right to transfer to another school
  • Duties of State Governments and Local Officials to Establish Schools
  • Sharing of Financial and Other Responsibilities
  • Duties of State Governments
  • Duties of Local Officials
  • Duty of parent and guardian
  • Interpretation of state governments for pre-school education
  • School’s answer limit for free and compulsory education
  • No per capita fee and monitoring process for admission or admission
  • Age proof for admission
  • refuse admission
  • Provision for withholding and eviction
  • Prohibition of physical punishment and mental harassment of child
  • No school should be established without obtaining recognition certificate
  • School norms and standards
  • power to amend schedule
  • school management committee
  • school development plan
  • student teacher ratio
  • filling up of vacancies of teachers
  • Prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational purposes
  • Curriculum and Assessment Process
  • Examination and Completion Certificate
  • Monitoring the child’s right to education
  • handling complaints
  • Constitution of National Advisory Council
  • Constitution of State Advisory Council
  • power to issue directions
  • Pre-approval for deployment planning
  • Protection for action taken in good faith
  • power of state governments to make rules

RTE Act 2009 – FAQs

  • How many chapters are there in RTE Act 2009?

A total of 7 chapters and 38 sections have been added in the Right to Education Act 2009 (RTE Act 2009) and the following sections are included in each chapter.

  • Under the RTE Act, children of how many years have the right to free and compulsory education?

Under this act, free education will be provided to the children of 6 to 14 years. And every private school will have to provide free education to 25% of the poor children in the age group of 6 to 14 years.

  • What is Article 21A?

Under this article, every State shall make provision for free and compulsory education for all children of the age of 6 to 14 years.

  • When did the RTE Act 2009 came into force in the state of Jammu and Kashmir?

The provisions of this Act were implemented in Jammu and Kashmir on 31 October 2019.


Today we have provided you almost all the information related to RTE Act in English. If you want to get admission of a child under RTE Act, then you can get admission in any school. The RTE Act provides the legal right to get education in all boards like CBSE Schools, State Board Schools etc. Apart from this, if you are preparing for any competitive exam, then RTE in English information like- RTE Kab Lagu Hua Tha and what is its purpose is very important for you.

If you have any question related to RTE Act then you can ask us in comment. We will surely answer your questions. Friends, if you liked this post of ours, then share it with your friends and inform them about the RTC Act.

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